Buchenwald Concentration Camp

Germany

Buchenwald is located 10 km from the city of Weimar, which was considered the heart of enlightened German civilization, the city chosen to accommodate the Constituent National Assembly that gave way to the First German Republic and, later on, the National Socialist Party’s (NSDAP) second rally in July 1926. Buchenwald was the largest and one of the most long-standing concentration camps located on German soil and stands out for its internal organization, in which antifascist militants played a decisive role. In addition to that, after 1949, Buchenwald allows the study of the successive stages of construction of German collective and cultural memory in the two German states.